You are here

Technological qualities of root crops and economic efficiency of growing sugar beet hybrids by the KWS company in the conditions of "Rasavske" Ltd. of Kaharlyk district, Kiev region

doi: 10.33245/2310-9270-2018-142-2-34-39
The paper deals with the results of research on the study of the technological traits changes in foreign hybrids root crops of the KWS company sugar beet enterprises under the influence of long-term storage and their economic efficiency. The conducted researches are especially relevant due to insufficiently studied issues of changes in the technological traits of the root crops of the newest hybrids during their storage in the crutches on the field or at the sugar factory.
Estimation of new hybrids of sugar beet by regions of the Forest-steppe allows to predict the genetically determined degree of their plasticity and stability both in the yield and the quality. Hybrids with higher resistance to extreme temperatures are especially valuable.
The researches were carried out during 2014–2015 at the "Rasavske" Ltd. of Kaharlyk district, Kyiv region.
The sugar content in the root crops increased from 1.6% in the Alyоna hybrid to 5.9 % in the Daria hybrid and 6.1 % in the Corydа hybrid, due to the loss of moisture during their prolonged storage. The content of soluble dry matter in the root crops increased from 1.7 % in the Alyonа hybrid to 7.7 % in the Corydа hybrid for the same reason.
The conducted calculations of cell juice quality showed that long-term storage resulted in the highest growth of this indicator by 8.2 % in the Cesaria hybrid and by 7.5 % in the Acatsia hybrid. In the Alyona hybrid, the growth rate of cell juice quality was only 0.8 %, while the Coridа hybrid had the quality of the previous level. In the Olesya hybrid, this indicator decreased by 1.8 % compared with the previous determination period (October 10).
The costs of growing root crops ranged from 17,859 to 20,726 UAH/ha. The highest profit was 17435 UAH/ha and the profitability level was 86.3 % for the Alyona hybrid, while the lowest economic efficiency figures were for the profit of 10,201 UAH/ha and the profitability level of 53.7 % in the Carmelite hybrid.
The highest rates of the technological traits of root crops during the long-term storage of sugar beet were determined in the Alyona hybrid. The highest yield of root crops was in the Daria hybrid – 79.8 t/ha. According to the indicators of economic efficiency the Alona hybrid was the best in terms of profit (17,435 UAH/ha) and the profitability level of 86.3 %.
Key words: sugar beet, hybrids, productivity, yield, sugar content, technological traits, profit, profitability level.


  1. Macebera, A.G., Malasaj, V.M. (2007). Nasinnya czukrovy`x buryakiv [Seeds of sugar beet]. Nizhyn, Aspect Polygraph Publishing House, 179 р.
  2. Glevasky, V.I. Produkty`vnist` koreneplodiv gibry`div czukrovy`x buryakiv vitchy`znyanoyi, inozemnoyi ta spil`noyi selekciyi [Productivity of root crops of sugar beet hybrids of domestic, foreign and joint selection]. Agrobiologiya [Agrobiology], 2014, no. 2 (113), рр. 34-39.
  3. Karpuk, L.M. Formuvannya produkty`vnosti buryakiv czukrovy`x zalezhno vid agrotexnichny`x pry`jomiv vy`roshhuvannya [Formation of beet sugar production depending on agrotechnical methods of cultivation]. Agrobiologiya [Agrobiology], 2013, no. 11 (104), рр. 60-64.
  4. Shpaar, D. (2005). Czukrovi buryaky [Sugar beets]. Kyiv, 335 p.
  5. Royik, M.V., Ermantraut, E.R. Produkty`vnist` gibry`div novogo pokolinnya [Performance of new generation hybrids]. Czukrovi buryaky [Sugar beets], 2002, no. 3, рр. 18-19.
  6. Pyrkin, V.I. Ekonomichni problemy` vy`robny`cztva czukrovy`x buryakiv [Economic problems of sugar beet production]. Czukrovi buryaky [Sugar beets], 2001, no. 2, рр. 5-6.
  7. Pyrkin, V.I. Shhodo efektyvnosti vyrobnyctva cukrovyh burjakiv [Concerning the efficiency of production of sugar beet]. Czukrovi buryaky [Sugar beets], 2006, no. 4, рр. 4, 21.
  8. Ermantraut, E.R., Umryhin, N.L. Vplyv foniv zhyvlennja ta strokiv zbyrannja na produktyvnist' CS gibrydiv [Influence of nutrition backgrounds and harvesting time on the performance of hybrids]. Cukrovi burjaky [Sugar beets], 2006, no. 6, рр. 18-19.
  9. Ermantraut, E.R., Zacerkovna, N.S. Ekologichna ocinka novyh CS gibrydiv cukrovyh burjakiv v umovah Lisostepu Ukrai'ny [Environmental assessment of new emergency situations of sugar beet hybrids in the conditions of the forest-steppe Ukraine]. Cukrovi burjaky [Sugar beets], 2015, no. 2, рр. 7-9.
  10. Lejbovych, A.S., Borysov, D.V., Borysova, T.O., Borysova, L.V., Shmarko, L.P. Novi gibrydy burjakiv cukrovyh ta metodyka i'h selekcii' [New hybrids of beet sugar and the method of their selection]. Cukrovi burjaky [Sugar beets], 2013, no. 2, рр. 6-7.
  11. Korovko, I.I. Ekologichna plastychnist' i stabil'nist' novyh gibrydiv cukrovyh burjakiv [Ecological plasticity and stability of new hybrids of sugar beets]. Sortovyvchennja ta ohorona prav na sorty Roslyn [Variety study and protection of rights to plant varieties], 2016, №3 (32), рр. 91-96.
  12. Kalinichenko, O.V. Energetychna ocinka efektyvnosti vyrobnyctva gibrydiv cukrovyh burjakiv [Energy estimation of production efficiency of sugar beet hybrids]. Cukrovi burjaky [Sugar beets], 2013, no. 6 (96), рр. 8-10.
  13. Doronin, V.A., Busol, M.V., Musijenko, A.A., Dronova, G.V., Bidulja, K.G., Digtjar, N.G. Pidsumky ta perspektyvy doslidzhen' z nasinnjeznavstva cukrovyh burjakiv [Results and Prospects for Research on Seed Science in Sugar Beet]. Agrarna nauka [Agrarian Science], 1997, рр. 108-121.
  14. Doronin, V.A. Ekologo-ekonomichni aspekty vyroshhuvannja nasinnja cukrovyh burjakiv v Ukrai'ni [Ecological and economic aspects of growing sugar beet seeds in Ukraine]. Zbirnyk naukovyh prac' Umans'kogo nacional'nogo universytetu sadivnyctva [Collection of scientific works of Uman National University of Horticulture], 2014, Issue 84, pр. 197-207.
  15. Jarchuk, M.M. Pro pidsumky roboty burjakocukrovoi' galuzi Ukrai'ny v 2007 roci [On the results of the beet sugar industry in Ukraine in 2007]. Cukor Ukrai'ny [Sugar Ukraine], 2008, no. 1 (55), рр. 2-7.
  16. Sinchenko, V.M., Pyrkin, V.I. Upravlinnja procesamy bioadaptyvnoi' tehnologii' vyrobnyctva cukrovyh burjakiv [Management of processes of bioadaptive technology of sugar beet production]. Cukrovi burjaky [Sugar beets], 2013, no. 3 (93), рр.6-13.
  17. Borysjuk, V.A., Kljachenko, V.Y., Synchenko, V.N. Morfologycheskye y tehnologycheskye pokazately koreneplodov [Morphological and technological indicators of root crops]. Saharnaja svekla [Sugar beet], 1990, no. 2, рр. 29-31.
  18. Draycott, A.P. Sugar beet. Wiley-Blackwell, 2006, pp. 221-280.
  19. Becker, C., Hesse, F. Bor – und Manganmangel. Zuckerrübe, 2004, no. 3, рр. 118-120.
  20. Lalonde S., Boles E., Hellman H. The dual function of sugar carriers: transport and sugar sensing. Plant Cell, 1999, Vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 707-726.
Download this article: 
PDF icon gorodetskiy_2_2018.pdf183.11 KB