You are here


The article is about influence of sowing terms and weather conditions in spring-summer period оn the productivity’s formation of the winter wheat modern varieties in conditions of the South Steppe of Ukraine. It was faund that spring-summer period the main role in formation of crop productivity wasplayed by the length of “renewal of spring tillering-heading” phases, the shortest of which (64-65 days) was in 2013, the sum of effective temperatures thus amounted to 390,4-406,0 °С, and the longest (82-88 days) was in 2015, due to the best weather conditions during the growing season. Plant’s height of winter wheat decreased from early to late sowing terms on the average in of different varieties to 7,4 cm. The best conditions for the growth and development of winter wheat plants were in 2014, when the plant height of the studied varieties reached on the average 75.2 cm (Ovidiy) and 75.8 cm (Odesyka Misiya). The examined winter wheat varieties formed the largest number of productive stems (997 and 959 pcs./m²)) in 2014 by sowing on September 30. The lowest productive stubble (512-614 pcs./m²) was formed by the studied sorts in 2015 by sowing on October 10. The researches have faund that the best weather conditions during the period of "renewal of spring tillering-earing" of winter wheat were in 2013 by sowing on October 10. The highest grain yield of winter wheat (6.40 t/hectares) was formed in 2015 by the sowing of the Odesyka Misiya on September 30. In 2013-2014, the highest yield of the studied grain sorts was collected by sowing on October 10, which was 0.15-0.41 t/ha more than the control – September 30.

Key words: winter wheat, sort, sowing, number of productive stems, plant height, crop yields.


  1. Curtis T., Halford N. G. Food security: the challenge of increasing wheat yield and the importance of not compromising food safety. The Annals of Applied Biology. 2014. URL: PMC4240735/ (дата звернення: 07.05.2018).
  2. Wang L.L., Palta J.A., Chen W., Chen Y.L., Deng X. P. Nitrogen fertilization improved water-use efficiency of winter wheat through increasing wateruse during vegetative rather than grain filling. Agricultural water management. 2018. No 197, P. 41-53. URL:
  3. Macholdt J., Honermeier B. Yield Stability in Winter Wheat Production: A Survey on German Farmers' and Advisors' Views. Agronomy. 2017. Vol. 7(3). P. 2-18.
  4. Do T., Anderson K., Wade Brorsen B. The World’s Wheat Supply. Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service. URL: (дата звернення 30.03. 2018).
  5. Formation of the world wheat market. Trends in the global consumer market: a review of foreign information. 2016. No 5, 19 p. URL: (дата звернення 4.06.2018).
  6. Kussul N., Kolotii A., Skakun S., Shelestov A., Kussul O., Ollynuk T. Efficiency estimation of different satellite data usage for winter wheat yield forecasting in Ukraine. GARSS-2014: 35th Canadian Symposium on Remote Sensing IEEE Joint International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (Canada, 2014). P. 5080-5082.
  7. Lindeman M. Ukraine: Sown Area and Early Prospects for 2017/18 Winter Crops. Foreign Agricultural Service, 2017. URL: (дата звернення 28.03.2018).
  8. Gutierrez, L. Impacts of El Nino-Southern Oscillation on the wheat market: A global dynamic analysis. PLOS ONE, 2017, Vol. 12, No 6. URL: GeneralSearch&qid=3&SID=D33exfZ6h7HRQOGwgNr&page=1&doc=2 (дата звернення 28.03.2018).
  9. Pittman R., Nekrasenko L. Grain, Export, and Logistics in Ukraine. URL: file:///C:/Users/%D0%AE%D0%B7% D0% B2%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%8C/Downloads/AgricultureExportsAndRailwaysInCe_preview.pdf (дата звернення 28.03.2018).
  10. Gurzhij N. M., Svjerchkova A. S. World market of cereals: trends and prospects. Sustainable development of economy. International scientific and production journal. 2013. No 4 (21). P. 303-307. URL: file:///D:/%D0%97%D0%B0% D0%B3%D1%80%D1%83%D0%B7%D0%BA%D0%B8/sre_2013_4_66.pdf (дата звернення 4.06.2018).
  11. Antonenko K. V., Diabi A. Prospects for the development of the world market for grain crops. Problems of improving the efficiency of the infrastructure. Kyiv, 2015. No 40, P. 3-10.
  12. Bond J., Liefert O. Wheat Outlook Economic Research Service. 2015. URL: usda/ers/WHS//2010s/2015/WHS-12-11-2015.pdf. (Дата звернення 29.03.2018).
  13. Tadeusz O. Effect of sowing date on winter wheat yields in Poland. Journal of Central European Agriculture. 2014, Vol 15, No 4, P.83-99.
  14. Goloborod'ko S. P., Dymov O. M. Global climate change as a prerequisite for the development of irrigation in Southern Steppe. «News of agrarian sciences» journal. Kyiv, 2014. P. 33-37.
  15. Sun Z., S. F. Jia S. F., Lv A. F., Yang K. J., Svensson J., Gao Y. C. Impacts of climate change on growth period and planting boundaries of winter wheat in China under RCP4.5 scenario. Earth System Dynamics. URL: (Дата звернення 29.03.2018).
  16. Cherenkov A. V., Solodushko M. M., Solodushko V. P., Kozel's'kyj O. M Influence of climate change on the terms of winter wheat sowing in the conditions of the Southern Steppe. Agronomist. 2014, No 3, P. 80-84.
  17. Yavdoschenko M.P. Effect of sowing time on the development of disease in crops of winter wheat. URL: (Дата звернення 05.06.2018).
  18. Vozhegova R.A., Zaiets S.O., Kovalenko O.A. Yield capacity of different winter wheat varieties depending on sowing time in the Southern Steppe. «News of agrarian sciences» journal. 2013. No 4, P. 26-29.
  19. Shebanin V.S., Kovalenko O.A., Korkhova M.M., Khonenko L.G., Markova N.V. Directory of winter wheat varieties for the Steppe of Ukraine. Mykolaiv, MNAU, 2016. 112 p.
  20. Korhova N.M. The productivity of soft winter wheat depending on sowing terms and norms of sowing in conditions of southern steppe of Ukraine: dissertation on competition of a scientific degree. Kherson, 2015, 204 p.
  21. Onychko T. A., Sobko N. G. Features of productivity formation and grain quality of modern varieties of winter wheat. Bulletin SNAU. Series «Agriculture and Biology». 2015. Vol. 3(29), P. 30-35.
  22. Methodology of conducting q u alification examination of plant varieties for suitability for distribution in Ukraine. General part. Ukrainian Institute for Plant Variety Examination. 2016. URL: Metodiki/PSP/1.pdf (Дата звернення 14.03.2018).
  23. Hahula V.S., Ulich L.I., Ulich O.L. The influence of environmental factors on the implementation of new varieties of soft winter wheat breeding potential. Agrobiology. 2013. No 11, P. 44-49.
  24. Ulich O.L., Tkachuk S.O., Hahula V.S., Tereshenko U.F. Assessing the impact of time of spring vegetation renewal on growth, development and productivity of soft winter wheat varieties. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection. 2014. No 4, P. 51-57.
  25. Korkhova M. M. Influence of the duration of winter rest and FRF on the yield of soft winter wheat, depending on the time of sowing in the Southern Steppe of Ukraine. Ukrainian Black Sea Region Agrarian Science. Crop production, breeding, seed production and fruit and vegetable production. 2013. No 9, P. 353-359.
  26. Jimenez-Berni J. A., Deery D. M., Rozas-Larraondo P., Condon A. G., Rebetzke G. J., James R. A., Bovill W. D., Furbank R. T., Sirault X. R. High Throughput Determination of Plant Height, Ground Cover, and Above-Ground Biomass in Wheat with Lidar. Frontiers in plant science. 2018, No 9. URL: fpls.2018.00237/full (Дата звернення 29.03.2018).
  27. Kochmarskyi V.S., Khomenko S.O., Fedorenko M.V., Daniuk T.A. Plant height and lodging resistance of collection accessions of durum spring wheat. Myronivka bulletin. 2016. No 1, P. 73-81.
  28. Gamajunova V.V., Smirnova I.V. The dynamics of aboveground biomass of the winter wheat variety increasing depending on the nutrient background. Bulletin of ZHNAEU. Series: plant growing, breeding and fodder production. 2015, No 2 (50), P. 178-182.
  29. Vaschenko V.V., Nazarenko N.N. Analysis of soft winter wheat productivity in the Northern steppe of Ukraine. Plant Varieties Studying and Protection. 2014. № 4. P. 68-72.
  30. Zhuk O.I. The productivity of winter wheat stems under different mineral nutrition. Factors in experimentalevolution of organisms. 2016. No 18. P. 85-88.
  31. Cherenkov A.V., Kozelskiy O.M. Influence of reception agrotechnological grown on grain productivity of winter wheat. Bulletin of ZHNAEU. Crop production, breeding and seed production. 2015. No 1. P. 215-222.
  32. Hodanic'kyj V., Hodanic'ka O. Formation of grain cereal productivity. Proposal. 2017. No 4, P. 78-80.


Download this article: 
PDF icon korhova-agro-1-2018-5-10.pdf196.19 KB